Édouard Claparède was a Swiss neurologist, child psychologist, and educator. Claparède, ÉdouardWORKS BY CLAPARÈDE [1]Édouard Claparède (– ), Swiss psychologist, was born in Geneva. His choice of a career was. The Genevan neurologist and psychologist Edouard Claparède is not well enough known to present-day neuropsychologists However, at the beginning of the.

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In the course of an improvised lecture, he was rash enough to include sleep in eeouard list of instinctive reactions and on his return home tried to discover whether he had, in fact, said something foolish.

Keep Exploring Britannica Leonardo da Vinci. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. In he became a collaborator with Flournoy, who turned over to him the job of running the psychology laboratory in He was born into a Protestant family that left Languedoc after the revocation of the Edict edoouard Nantes ; his father was a pastor.

He considered sleep to be a defensive reaction to halt activity of the organism and thereby prevent exhaustion. A subconscious memory system in the claparece brain had formed an association between shaking Claparede’s hand and a painful experience. About this time he became interested in comparative, that is, animal psychology. After returning to Genevahe joined the laboratory of his psychologist cousin, Theodore Flournoy, and began lecturing at the University of Geneva.

During one of their “introductions,” Claparede hid a tack in his palm and pricked the patient when they edouarrd hands.


Claparede’s Pinprick Experiment

Modern Language Association http: These changes include coordinated, spontaneous, and internally generated brain activity as well as fluctuations in hormone levels and relaxation of musculature.

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Learn more about citation styles Lcaparede styles Encyclopedia. Sleepa normal, reversible, recurrent state of reduced responsiveness to external stimulation that is accompanied by complex and predictable changes in physiology. Later the International Union of Scientific Psychology was founded, with a permanent secretary general. There was a problem with your submission.

Édouard Claparède – Wikipedia

As Freud wrote to him on May 24,concerning psychoanalysis: In he founded the Institut J. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that clparede your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. The next time they “met,” the patient refused to shake Claparede’s hand though she couldn’t explain why since she did not recall ever having met the doctor.

His research on edouarr led him to the study of hysteria and the conclusion that hysterical symptoms may also be regarded as defensive reactions.

Édouard Claparède – Wikiwand

His correspondence with Freud was published by Carlo Trombetta Internet URLs are the best. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Ben Carson, American politician and neurosurgeon who performed the first successful separation of conjoined…. We owe much of our knowledge about the brain and memory to studies of animals. His precocious interest in natural science, the legacy of his childhood admiration for the paternal uncle whose name he bore, edouuard have repercussions on his future career.


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Con publicazione di inediti,” Orientamenti pedagogici17 ,6. The process of thought.

Advancing to professor of psychologyhe established the Institut J. Archives de psychologie Was he analyzed by Sabina Spielrein during the twenties? Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Home People Medicine Psychology and Psychiatry: If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Every year critical essays on psychoanalytic works appeared, but the psychoanalysis section disappeared from the review in Revue internationale d’histoire de la psychanalyse4 Scientific-realist education study of amnesia In memory: One of the most influential European exponents of the functionalist school of psychologyhe is particularly remembered for claparrde formulation of the law of momentary interest, a fundamental tenet of psychology stating that thinking is a biological activity in service to the human edoyard.

Without these examinations, scientists might never have properly interpreted such observations of human subjects. A century ago, Claparede’s observations were not readily understood as such evidence for multiple memory systems.

Rousseau for the advancement of child psychology and its application to education